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 Williston One-Name Study



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101 WILLIAM WOLLASTON, the youngest child of Thomas, was born on 27th Oct.
1634, after his father had ruined himself. He therefore received little education,
and was apprenticed to a woollendraper in London; but he was found incapable of
business from an impediment in his speech, and soon returned into Staffordshire.
He married there about 1657 Elizabeth Downes, the daughter of one of the minor
gentry at Coton Clanford, who was six years older than himself, and had a small
fortune. He settled on his marriage in a small bouse at Coton belonging to his
father-in-law; but his narrow circumstances made him a constant wanderer. He
had eight children, whom he had the greatest difficulty in maintaining and educating,
for his means were limited to his wife's portion, and to a small annuity allowed to
him by William of Shenton. He was chosen by his cousin as the heir of his great
estates in case of the failure of his own issue, and this possibility of wealth increased
his discontent at his narrow fortunes.When his second son William had the
singular good luck to inherit the family estates in 1688, he was by no means contented
that his own claims had been passed over in favour of his son, although he
must have known that he was wholly unfitted to be the owner of a great estate, and
his wants were more suitably provided for by a comfortable annuity. He survived
his son's elevation above two years, and died at Lichfield on 10th March 1691-2
His wife lived until 24th Sept. 1707, when she was buried near him in Shenston
He had issue eight children, of whom only two need be noticed. 
Wollaston, William of Coton Clanford (I67)
102 Wollaston took no part in the various schemes of colonial enterprise in which
so many of his contemporaries risked their lives and fortunes, although the VicePresident
of the Council for New England, Captain John Mason, was his intimate
friend and his wife's brother-in-law. Mason was the proprietor of what is now the
State of New Hampshire in the United States of America, and this province was
granted to Wollaston in trust for him on 22d April 1635; but he had no beneficial
interest in the grant, and reconveyed it to Mason six weeks afterwards.

He did get 3000 achers of Land in New England from John Mason's will, However.

It is to be feared that neither Wollaston nor the Corporation of King's Lynn
derived any substantial advantage from the bequests of Captain Mason's Will, for
these grants of colonial territory were often illusory possessions. So long as they
produced neither revenue nor profit, no one cared to dispute them; but so soon as
the country became settled, and interests grew up which clashed with the rights of
the proprietors, the occupiers disputed the legality of the King's letters-patent, and
set the grantees at defiance. The proprietors suffered the proverbial fate of the
absent, and were eventually glad to compromise for a small consideration their
nominal dominion. Captain Mason's widow and grandson suffered constantly from
encroachments, against which they protested in vain, and in 1659 Robert
Mason was amongst the proprietors and inhabitants of the provinces of Maine and
Laconia who appealed to the Parliament of the Commonwealth against the usurpation
of the Government of Massachusetts, who were endeavouring by force and
menaces to deprive them of their privileges and patents. Mason's heirs sold in
1691 their seignorial rights to the provincial government of New Hampshire, with
certain reservations, and in 1746 Colonel John Tufton Mason sold to a company
for 15001. all that remained of the principality granted to his ancestor.

CAPTAIN JOHN MASON of London Esq. Will dated 26 Nov. 1635.
To be buried* in the Collegiate Church of St. Peter in Westminster. To the poor of Ports·
mouth in the county of Southampton, £5. To my sister Dorothy Moore, ,£10 per annum for
her life; and to each of her children, £6. To Beatrice Baldwin, £5. To my brothers·in·law
Mr. Joshua Greene, Mr. Edward Lambert, Mr. Henryt Burton, and Mr. John Wollaston and
their wives, and to my loving cousins Dr. Hobertt Mason of Greenwich and his wife and mother,
Mr. Thomas Geere and his wife, Thomas Mason Gent., and Mr. Thomas Gippes and his wife,
60 shillings each in rings.
The residue of my estate to my wife for life, and after her death to my four grandchildren
John, Anne, Robert, and Mary Tufton, in equal shares at their respective ages of 21 or marriage;
and if my wife Anne die before they be 21, my brother-in-law John Wollaston is to receive the
rents to the use of my grandchildren. My said wife to be my executrix, and the said John Wollaston to be overseer of my Will, and I give him my coach and horses. To the Corporation
of King's Lynn, Norfolk, where I was born, 2000 acres of land in my county of New Hampshire,
or manor of Mason Hall in New England. To my said brother·in·law ,John Wollaston, 3000
acres there. To my grandchild Anne* Tufton, my lands at Cape Ham of Wagen, upon the
south-east side of Sagadahock in New England, called Masonia, containing 10,000 acres, at 21 or
her marriage. To my grandson Robert Tufton and his heirs, my manor of Mason Hall in
New England at 21, when he is to take the surname of Mason. The rest of my estate in New
England to my grandson John Tufton, with remainder to the said Hobert Tufton, remainder to
my cousin Dr. Robert Mason, Chancellor of Winchester, remainder to my own right heir. All
other lands to my said wife and brother-in-law John Wollaston during the joint lives of my
daughtert Anne Tufton and her now husband, in trust for the separate use of my said daughter
during her life. Joseph Tufton, the father of my said grandchildren, has placed .£1000 in my
hands, &C.
Will proved in C.P.C. 22 Dec. 1635 by the widow. [127 Sadler.] 
Wollaston, John Sir (I42)
103 Wollaston was soon afterwards superseded by the Parliament, for he was loyal to the King, and contributed to his Majesty's expenses at Oxford. He then returned to his business in Lombard-street, and his wife died there on 27th Dec. 1655. White, Elisabeth (I147)

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